This AfricaFocus SmartSearch is provided by
AfricaFocus Bulletin for
No Easy Victories.
Southern Africa Liberation History -
This SmartSearch uses a Google Custom Search Engine to improve the
chances that you will find what you are looking for and that the information
will be reliable. It searches the entire web, but gives priority to sites
that are most likely to have relevant and reliable information within the topic
covered by the search. Note that the scope includes not only history of the
liberation movements but the national, regional, and international contexts of
the colonial and apartheid systems and international solidarity. Principal sites
included are the following:
[hide additional notes]
These sites differ in scope, in the way the sources are stored, in access, and in how
the site is indexed by Google. For the best results, researchers should also explore
each site on its own. For the Aluka Digital Library, for example, Google indexes the
metadata for each document but not the full text, which is indexed on the site itself.
Memória de Africa provides documents as image only, which means that the text of the
documents themselves is not indexed either by Google or on the site. Please see below
brief notes about each site, current as of June 2008 unless noted otherwise; note
also that many of the sites are regularly updated so the notes may be out of date.
Sites focused on South Africa
African National Congress History
Extensive full-text documentation on the history of the ANC and many of its leaders.
Community Video Education Trust
Extensive raw video footage of the anti-apartheid struggle in the late 1980s and
1990s, provided by activist filmmakers.
Digital Innovation South Africa
Particularly strong on liberation movement and related periodicals from the period
1960-1994. Now adding a wide range of additional documentary sources.
Ft. Hare Liberation Archives
Most comprehensive in providing finding aids for its extensive holdings. A limited
number of full-text documents are also included.
Overcoming Apartheid, Building Democracy
Designed for educators and students, this site contains video, images,
documents, and other background information.
South Africa Democracy Education Trust (SADET)
Contains background information and selected chapters from the
published volumes of this extensive research project, now
with volumes covering the 1960s and 1970s, as well as volumes
on international solidarity and of original interviews.
South African History Online (SAHO)
An extremely rich site, containing both primary sources and material prepared
for educational purposes.
Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC)
Contains full TRC report and much additional documentation.
Sites with coverage of Southern Africa (including South Africa and region)
Aluka Digital Library
Particularly strong on South Africa and Mozambique. For background
information on collections available visit
http://www.aluka.org/page/content/struggles.jsp. Note that access to
full-text documents on the Aluka Digital Library requires sign-up,
available free to educational and other non-profit institutions in Africa,
and by subscription to institutions outside Africa. Access for individuals
not affiliated with an educational or other non-profit institution is not
yet available. To be informed when information about future plans for individual
access is available, contact
H-SAfrica (H-Net Discussion Network)
No full-text documents, but a wide variety of book reviews and discussion of
Contains an extensive database of documents from SWAPO, but access
is very cumbersome. Password login makes it inaccessible to Google search.
Sites focused on International Context and Solidarity
African Activist Archive
Currently this primarily contains well-documented references to a wide variety
of archival material, and selected primary source documents and images (posters,
buttons, etc.). Additional primary material is being added regularly. While the
primary focus is on the United States, African and other international archives are
ANC United Nations Documentation
Documentation from the United Nations involvement in the anti-apartheid struggle.
Enuga S. Reddy Publications
Publications by Enuga S. Reddy from his extensive involvement at the United Nations
in the international anti-apartheid struggle.
International Institute of Social History
Includes comprehensive descriptions of the archives and publications acquired by the IISH
from NiZA (Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa), as well as an updated version of a
web dossier on "The Netherlands against Apartheid." Entry added May 2009.
Nordic Documentation on the Liberation Struggle in Southern Africa
Currently contains listings of archives in the Nordic countries, a set of interviews
with Swedish and African activists, and the full text of more than 10 books, including
the six volumes of the series from the project on National Liberation in Southern Africa:
The Role of the Nordic Countries.
No Easy Victories
Contains excerpts, interviews, and other background information related to the book
No Easy Victories: African Liberation and American Activists over a Half Century.
Robert F. Kennedy in South Africa
Focuses on Kennedy's historic visit to South Africa in 1966. Includes not only
transcripts and articles, but also audio of many of the speeches.
Sites focused on Lusophone Africa
To suggest an additional site to be included in the search, fill in
Dossier Mário Pinto de Andrade
Rich presentation on the life and work of Angolan nationalist Mário Pinto de Andrade.
Includes a selection of documents and testimonies.
H-Luso-Africa (H-Net Discussion Network)
No full-text documents but a wide variety of announcements and discussion of scholarly
Memória de África Digital
Contains extensive full-text documentation from colonial and other sources,
including the Museu do Dundo in Angola. Pages in documents are available as
jpg images for download.