No Easy Victories: African Liberation and American Activists over a Half Century, 1950-2000

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Edited by William Minter,
Gail Hovey, and Charles Cobb Jr.
Published by Africa World Press.

This AfricaFocus SmartSearch is provided by AfricaFocus Bulletin for No Easy Victories.



Southern Africa Liberation History - An Africa Focus SmartSearch

This SmartSearch uses a Google Custom Search Engine to improve the chances that you will find what you are looking for and that the information will be reliable. It searches the entire web, but gives priority to sites that are most likely to have relevant and reliable information within the topic covered by the search. Note that the scope includes not only history of the liberation movements but the national, regional, and international contexts of the colonial and apartheid systems and international solidarity. Principal sites included are the following:
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These sites differ in scope, in the way the sources are stored, in access, and in how the site is indexed by Google. For the best results, researchers should also explore each site on its own. For the Aluka Digital Library, for example, Google indexes the metadata for each document but not the full text, which is indexed on the site itself. Memória de Africa provides documents as image only, which means that the text of the documents themselves is not indexed either by Google or on the site. Please see below brief notes about each site, current as of June 2008 unless noted otherwise; note also that many of the sites are regularly updated so the notes may be out of date.

Sites focused on South Africa

  • African National Congress History
    Extensive full-text documentation on the history of the ANC and many of its leaders.
  • Community Video Education Trust
    Extensive raw video footage of the anti-apartheid struggle in the late 1980s and 1990s, provided by activist filmmakers.
  • Digital Innovation South Africa
    Particularly strong on liberation movement and related periodicals from the period 1960-1994. Now adding a wide range of additional documentary sources.
  • Ft. Hare Liberation Archives
    Most comprehensive in providing finding aids for its extensive holdings. A limited number of full-text documents are also included.
  • Overcoming Apartheid, Building Democracy
    Designed for educators and students, this site contains video, images, documents, and other background information.
  • South Africa Democracy Education Trust (SADET)
    Contains background information and selected chapters from the published volumes of this extensive research project, now with volumes covering the 1960s and 1970s, as well as volumes on international solidarity and of original interviews.
  • South African History Online (SAHO)
    An extremely rich site, containing both primary sources and material prepared for educational purposes.
  • Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC)
    Contains full TRC report and much additional documentation.

Sites with coverage of Southern Africa (including South Africa and region)

  • Aluka Digital Library
    Particularly strong on South Africa and Mozambique. For background information on collections available visit http://www.aluka.org/page/content/struggles.jsp. Note that access to full-text documents on the Aluka Digital Library requires sign-up, available free to educational and other non-profit institutions in Africa, and by subscription to institutions outside Africa. Access for individuals not affiliated with an educational or other non-profit institution is not yet available. To be informed when information about future plans for individual access is available, contact user_services@aluka.org.
  • H-SAfrica (H-Net Discussion Network)
    No full-text documents, but a wide variety of book reviews and discussion of scholarly sources.
  • SPARC Namibia)
    Contains an extensive database of documents from SWAPO, but access is very cumbersome. Password login makes it inaccessible to Google search.

Sites focused on International Context and Solidarity

  • African Activist Archive
    Currently this primarily contains well-documented references to a wide variety of archival material, and selected primary source documents and images (posters, buttons, etc.). Additional primary material is being added regularly. While the primary focus is on the United States, African and other international archives are also included.
  • ANC United Nations Documentation
    Documentation from the United Nations involvement in the anti-apartheid struggle.
  • Enuga S. Reddy Publications
    Publications by Enuga S. Reddy from his extensive involvement at the United Nations in the international anti-apartheid struggle.
  • International Institute of Social History
    Includes comprehensive descriptions of the archives and publications acquired by the IISH from NiZA (Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa), as well as an updated version of a web dossier on "The Netherlands against Apartheid." Entry added May 2009.
  • Nordic Documentation on the Liberation Struggle in Southern Africa
    Currently contains listings of archives in the Nordic countries, a set of interviews with Swedish and African activists, and the full text of more than 10 books, including the six volumes of the series from the project on National Liberation in Southern Africa: The Role of the Nordic Countries.
  • No Easy Victories
    Contains excerpts, interviews, and other background information related to the book No Easy Victories: African Liberation and American Activists over a Half Century.
  • Robert F. Kennedy in South Africa
    Focuses on Kennedy's historic visit to South Africa in 1966. Includes not only transcripts and articles, but also audio of many of the speeches.

Sites focused on Lusophone Africa

  • Dossier Mário Pinto de Andrade
    Rich presentation on the life and work of Angolan nationalist Mário Pinto de Andrade. Includes a selection of documents and testimonies.
  • H-Luso-Africa (H-Net Discussion Network)

    No full-text documents but a wide variety of announcements and discussion of scholarly sources.
  • Memória de África Digital
    Contains extensive full-text documentation from colonial and other sources, including the Museu do Dundo in Angola. Pages in documents are available as jpg images for download.
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This page is part of the No Easy Victories website.